Admirável Mundo Novo
Estamos no limiar de uma nova era econômico-financeira segundo o artigo do Editor-Chefe Moisés Naím, da Foreign Policy, sob o titulo “After the Fall “edição November/December 2008.
“The search for a new paradigm to replace pre-crash beliefs and institutions is leading many to conclude that American-style capitalism is now dead. “The idea of an all-powerful market without any rules and any political intervention is mad,” said French President Nicolas Sarkozy, adding that “Self-regulation is finished. Laissez faire is finished.” Henry Paulson, the U.S. Treasury Secretary, agreed: “Raw capitalism is a dead end.” Certainly, the crash revealed the need for more effective financial oversight and regulations. But their adoption will not mark the end of capitalism. Millions of Chinese, Indians, Brazilians, and others will continue to be more active participants in the global economy than ever before. And companies from Seattle to Taipei to Lyon will continue to innovate and invest, buy and sell.
Inevitably, the financial crisis will be seen as yet another sign that America is in decline: “The U.S. will lose its status as the superpower of the world financial system. … The world will never be the same again,” the German finance minister told his parliament in late September. Almost the exact same words were uttered after 9/11. But though the world certainly changed, it did so in far fewer ways than the commentators had predicted. Yes, this financial crisis will deeply transform the global economy and will have deeper and longer-lasting consequences than 9/11. But it neither marks the end of capitalism nor the beginning of America’s demise. “